November 30, 2007
Lina Ramann was born in Mainstockheim, near Kitzingen in Bavaria, June 24th 1833, and died March 30th 1912 in Munich. She was a pupil of Franz Brendel and Frau Brendel, at Leipzig. Ramann founded a musical seminary for female teachers, at Glückstadt, Holstein in 1858; and with Ida Volkmann, a music-school at Nuremberg in 1865. She published “Die Musik als Gegenstand der Erzichung” (1868); “Allgemeine Erzich-und Unterrichtslehre der Jugend” (1869; 2nd edition 1873); “Aus der Gegenwart” (1868); “Bach und Handel”; “Franz Liszt’s Oratorium Christus: eine Studie zur zeit- und musikgeschichtliche Stellung desselben” (1880); a biography of Liszt, in 3 volumes (1880-1893); and edited a complete edition of Liszt’s writings; she also wrote a “Grundriss der Technik des Klavierspiels,” in 12 books. Ramann composed four sonatinas (op. 9), and other pianoforte music.
November 29, 2007
George Hogarth was born at Carfrae Mill, near Oxton, Berwickshire, 1783; he died in London, February 12th 1870. Hogarth studied law and practiced in Edinburgh. He was an amateur musician, cellist and composer, and became a music critic and historian. From 1830 onward he contributed to the Harmonicon. In 1834 Hogarth settled in London as sub-editor and music critic of the Morning Chronicle; from 1846-66 he was music critic of the Daily News. In 1850 Hogarth was appointed secretary to the Philharmonic Society. He composed glees and songs, and wrote the books “Musical History, Biography, and Criticism” (1835; 2nd edition in 2 volumes, 1838); “Memoirs of the Musical Drama” (1838; 2nd edition 1851 as “Memoirs of the Opera …”); “How’s Book of British Song …” (2 volumes, London, 1845); and “The Philharmonic Society of London, 1813-62” (1862). He was son-in-law of Thomson (Beethoven’s Scotch publisher), and father-in-law of Charles Dickens
November 28, 2007
Antonio Lotti, famous organist and composer, was born either in Venice or Hanover about 1666. His father was court Kapellmeister in Hanover about 1667. Antonio died in Venice, Jan. 5, 1740. Pupil of Legrenzi at Venice, where he produced an opera, Giustino, at the age of 16, Lotti was chorister at San Marco in 1687, 2nd organist there in 1692, and from 1704 to 1736, 1st organist and maestro di cappella. He left only once, in 1717-19, for two years spent in Dresden at the Crown Prince’s invitation. He took a company of singers with him, and successfully produced several operas. A foremost representative of the Venetian school, Lotti stands midway between the old contrapuntists and the freer style of A. Scarlatti, Handel, etc. During his dramatic period (1683-1719) he brought out 16 operas in Venice, one in Vienna, and three in Dresden (only in these last did he employ wind-instruments, so fearful was he of overpowering the voices). His sacred music forms the most important part of his works, and includes four oratorios, many masses, motets, Misereres, etc., none of which were published during his lifetime. His most famous work is a Miserere with Crucifixus. Alberti, Gasparini, Galuppi, and Marcello were among his pupils. He was married to the noted soprano Santa Stella.
November 27, 2007
Nicolas Gombert, born Bruges, Flanders about 1495; died after 1570. One of Josquin Desprez’ most eminent pupils, he was master of the boys at the Imperial Chapel at Madrid in 1530; probably maestro there later, he received the gift of a sinecure office in the Netherlands from his patron Charles V which enabled him to retire in his old age. In church-music Fetis styles him a forerunner of Palestrina, but he was especially fond of secular and pastoral music, with a decidedly sentimental leaning, and refreshing simplicity and directness, while in his sacred works he discarded rests, thus rendering his polyphony more connected and fuller than that of his predecessors. Some of his main works include Magnificats #1 through #8, Missa Tempore paschali, Missa media vita and Missa Sub tuum presidium.
November 26, 2007
Raymond Huntingdon Woodman, was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., January 18, 1861. A pupil of his father from a young age, he then studied harmony, counterpoint and orchestration with Dudley Buck, 1881-85, and with César Franck at Paris, 1888. From 1875-79 he was assistant organist to his father at St. George’s Church in Flushing, Long Island. He was organist of Christ Church, Norwich, Conn., 1879-80, and musical editor for the “New York Evangelist,” 1894-7; organist and choirmaster at the First Presbyterian Church in Brooklyn. He was also a professor of music at Packer Collegiate Institute and head of the organ department at the Metropolitan College of Music, N. Y. His church-choir of mixed voices was noted for excellent performances. Woodman’s published works include Romance, The Brook, Spring Song, and Three Album-leaves, for pianoforte; Prayer and Cradle-song, and Cantiléne, for organ; plus numerous popular part-songs, anthems, and songs.
November 23, 2007
Victor August Herbert was born in Dublin, Ireland, February 1st 1859, and was a grandson of Samuel Lover, the famous Irish novelist. At seven he was sent to Germany to begin his musical education. His first position of prominence was that of principal violoncello-player in the Court Orchestra at Stuttgart, and he was heard in many important concerts throughout Europe before accepting in 1886 an engagement as solo cellist in the Metropolitan Orchestra in New York. Here he was prominently connected with the best orchestral organizations, and was soloist and conductor, becoming favorably known in the principal cities of the United States. For a number of years he was 1st cello in the Theodore Thomas Orchestra, and later in Anton Seidl’s orchestra, where he was also associate-conductor. In 1894 he was appointed bandmaster of the famous 22nd Regiment band, succeeding P. S. Gilmore; he was chosen conductor of the Pittsburgh, Pa., Orchestra (with 70 performers) in 1898. As a composer he has written several works for orchestra: a cello-concerto, and songs, also an oratorio, The Captive written for and performed at the Worcester Mass. Festival, and the comic operas Prince Ananias, The Wizard of the Nile, The Serenade, The Idol’s Eye and The Fortune-teller, all performed with success. He died May 26, 1924.