Jean Paul Martini
November 22, 2007
Jean Paul Égide Martini (originally Schwarzendorf), was born in Freistadt in the Palatinate, September 1st 1741; he died in Paris, February 19th 1816. In 1760 he settled in Nancy, and Italianized his name; he went to Paris in 1764, and, by winning a prize for a military march, gained favor in high circles and was appointed an officer à la suite of a regiment of Hussar, and wrote more band-music, also bringing out in 1771 an opera, I’Amoureua de quinze ans, with triumphant success at the Italian Opera. Leaving the army, he became musical director to the Prince of Condé, later to the Comte d’Artois. He purchased the reversion of the office of First Intendant of the king’s music, a speculation brought to naught by the Revolution, which caused him to resign in haste his position as conductor at the Theatre Feydeau, and flee to Lyons in 1792. Martini was appointed Consul Inspector in 1794, but he lost this place, too, due to the reduction of the number of teachers in 1802, but at the Restoration in 1814 he claimed and received the post of Royal Intendant. He wrote 12 operas, 2 cantatas, masses, requiems, psalms, and other church-music, also chamber-music, military music, and pianoforte-pieces, etc.