December 31, 2007
Frederick Clay was a prominent composer, born of English parents in Paris, France on August 3rd 1838. He died at Great Marlo near London on November 27th 1889. A pupil of Molique at Paris, and of Hauptmann at Leipzig. His first operettas, The Pirate’s Isle (1859) and Out of Sight (1860), were given privately at London; afterwards he brought out, at Covent Garden and other London theaters, Court and Cottage (1862), Constance (1865), Ages Ago (1869), The Gentleman in Black (1870), Happy Arcadia (1872), Babul and Bijou (1872), The Black Crook (1873), Cattarina (1874), Princess Toto (1875), Don Quixote (1875), Oriana, The Golden Ring (1883), The Merry Duchess (1883); as well as incidental music to “Twelfth Night,” and other plays; two cantatas: The Knights of the Cross (1866), and Lalla Rookh (1877). He also wrote part-songs, songs, etc.
December 26, 2007
Maschinka Schubert (nee Schneider), wife of violinist Franz Schubert, and the daughter of Georg Abraham Schneider, was born at Reval, Estonia (then part of Russia) on August 25th 1815, and died at Dresden, Germany on September 20th 1882. A stage-soprano (coloratura), she was a pupil of Bordogni at Paris. Maschinka made her debut in London in 1832, then studied with Bianchi at Milan, Italy, and was a member of the Dresden Opera until 1860. Maschinka and Franz’s daughter Georgine was born in Dresden, Germany on October 28th 1840, and died in Potsdam, Germany on December 26th 1878. A pupil of her mother and Jenny Lind, and of Garcia at London 1857-59; Georgine made her debut in La Sonnambula at Hamburg, Germany in 1859.
December 24, 2007
Francois Sale was a Belgian composer; in 1589 he was in the service of the Austrian princess Magdalena at Hall, Tyrol; in 1594, Sale was tenor chapel-singer to Emperor Rudolf II at Prague, under Filippo de Monte. He published masses (as Vol. 1 of the Patrocinium musices” printed for the Elector of Bavaria, 1589); motets (1593); 3 books of Introits (1594-96); a Christmas motet, and a mass (in “Patroe music” 1598); and “Oratio ad Sanctam B. V. Mariam, Winceslaum, Adalbertum, etc.” (prayers at 6 to the Virgin and the patron saints of Hungary and Bohemia; 1598).
December 21, 2007
Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter was a pianist and composer, born in London on October 2nd 1792, he died there September 26th 1871. A pupil of his father, and of Callcott, Attwood, and Crotch (theory) and Woelfil (pianoforte). He also studied at Vienna, under Forster (1817-18), it is said that Beethoven gave him good advice. In 1822 Potter was pianoforte-teacher at the R. A. M., succeeding Crotch as Principal in 1832, and resigning in 1859, his successor being Charles Lucas. His works included 9 symphonies, 4 overtures, 3 pianoforte-concertos, string-quartets, a concertante for pianoforte with ‘cello; etc. Published works: Op. 1, 2, 3, sonatas for pianoforte; op. 6, Grand duo for two pianofortes; op. 7, duet for two pianofortes; op. 11, sextet for pianoforte, flute, and strings; op. 12, 3 pianoforte-trios; op. 13, Sonata di bravura for pianoforte with horn (or bassoon); op. 19, pianoforte-studies in all keys; op. 20, Introduction and Rondo for pianoforte; op. 21, 2nd Rondo brillant for pianoforte; also rondos, toccatas, 6 sets of variations, 4-hand pieces, and transcriptions of 2 symphonies and an overture; a Fantasia and Fugue for 2 pianofortes; a trio for 3 pianofortes, 6 hands; etc.
December 20, 2007
Felix Le Couppey was born in Paris, April 14th 1814, and died there July 5th 1887. A pupil of Dourlen in the Conservatory where he was assistant-teacher of an elementary harmony-class in 1828, full teacher in 1837, and Dourlen’s successor as professor of harmony in 1843. He was also substitute piano-teacher for Henri Herz in 1848, when the latter started on his American tour. Later a special pianoforte-class for ladies was organized for him. Published “Ecole du mecanisme du piano, 24 etudes primaires” (op. 10); “Cours de piano elementaire et progressif”; “L’art du piano” (50 etudes with annotations); a pamphlet, “De l’enseignement du piano; conseils aux jeunes professeurs” (1865); and a few pianoforte-pieces, and songs.
December 19, 2007
Johann Ernst Galliard was born at Celle, near Hanover, Germany in 1687, and died in London, England in 1749. Galliard was a pupil of A. Steffani at Hanover. A skilful oboist, he went to London in 1706, as chamber-musician to Prince George of Denmark. He succeeded Draghi as organist at Somerset House, and composed industriously. Besides the music to numerous plays, masques, and pantomimes, he wrote cantatas, a Te Deum, a Jubilate, anthems, solos for flute and ‘cello, etc.; and set to music the “Morning Hymn of Adam and Eve,” from Milton’s Paradise Lost, and Hughes’ opera Calypso and Telemachus (1712). He also did some translations.