Johann Ernst Galliard

December 19, 2007

Johann Ernst Galliard was born at Celle, near Hanover, Germany in 1687, and died in London, England in 1749. Galliard was a pupil of A. Steffani at Hanover. A skilful oboist, he went to London in 1706, as chamber-musician to Prince George of Denmark. He succeeded Draghi as organist at Somerset House, and composed industriously. Besides the music to numerous plays, masques, and pantomimes, he wrote cantatas, a Te Deum, a Jubilate, anthems, solos for flute and ‘cello, etc.; and set to music the “Morning Hymn of Adam and Eve,” from Milton’s Paradise Lost, and Hughes’ opera Calypso and Telemachus (1712). He also did some translations.

Christian Kalkbrenner

December 17, 2007

Christian Kalkbrenner was born in Minden, near Hanover, Germany, on September 22nd 1755 and died at Paris, France on August 10th 1806. Considered a mediocre writer and opera-composer, he had been the pupil of Becker (piano-forte) and Rodewald (violin) at Kassel. Kalkbrenner was Kapellmeister to the Queen at Berlin in 1788; and then Kapellmeister to Prince Heinrich, at Rheinsberg, 1790-96. He was in Naples briefly, then in January 1797 went to Paris, and was appointed chef de chant at the Opera in 1799. His operas, chamber-music, piano-forte pieces, etc, are largely forgotten. He wrote a History of Music, a Theory of Composition, and others that are of no present value. His only enduring legacy is that he was the father of the talented musician Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner.

Aloys Schmitt

December 13, 2007

Aloys Schmitt was a pianist and eminent teacher, born in Erlenbach, Bavaria, Germany on August 26th 1788 and died at Frankfort-on-Main, July 25th 1866. The son and pupil of a cantor, and at age 14 a fine player, he studied composition with Andre at Offenbach from his 20th year, and settled in Frankfort in 1816, remaining there, excepting a few years in Berlin, and the years 1825 to 1829 when he was at Hanover as organist to the Duke of Cambridge, during which time his son and student (Georg) Aloys Schmitt was born, also a fine musician. The elder Schmitt’s valuable instructive works for piano-forte include a Method, opus 114; Studies, opus 16, 55, and 62 (Rhapsodies), as well as opus 67 and 115; Rondos, opus 3; Sonatinas, opus 10 and 11; he also wrote four piano-forte concertos; a piano-forte concertino with orchestra; rondos, variations, etc., for piano-forte and orchestra; piano-forte quartets and trios; solo pieces (sonatas, variations, etc.) for piano-forte; three operas; two oratorios (Moses and Ruth); masses; orchestral overtures, etc. His biography was written by Henkel: “Leben und Werke von Dr. Aloys Schmitt” (Frankfort, 1873).

Ernst Wilhelm Heinemeyer

December 11, 2007

Ernst Wilhelm Heinemeyer was a celebrated flutist, born in Hanover, Germany on February 25th 1827, he died in Vienna, Austria on February 12th 1869. Ernst was the son and pupil of the distinguished flutist and Hanoverian royal chamber musician, Christian H. Heinemeyer (1796-1872). From 1845 to 1847 Ernst was a member, with his father, of the royal orchestra in Hanover. In 1847 he went to St. Petersburg, Russia as first flute in the Imperial orchestra and instructor at the Theater-school. Pensioned in 1859, he returned to Hanover, then settled in Vienna in 1866. His works include Concertos and other flute compositions that are much esteemed.

Richard Burmeister

December 5, 2007

Richard Burmeister, was a German composer and concert pianist, born in Hamburg Germany on December 7th 1860. He studied under Franz Liszt at Weimar, and later Rome and Budapest (1880-83), accompanying Liszt on his travels. Afterwards he was a teacher in the Hamburg Conservatory, then for 12 years director of the pianoforte department at the Peabody Institute in Baltimore Maryland in the United States. Burmeister also made extensive concert tours through Europe and America. His works include: opus 1, pianoforte concerto in D minus; opus 2, “The Chase after Fortune” symphonic Fantasy in 3 movements; opus 3, Cadenza to Chopin’s F minus concerto; opus 4, three songs; opus 5, Capriccio for pianoforte; opus 6, “Wanderer’s Night Song”. He also rescored Chopin’s F minor concerto, and an arrangement for Liszt’s Mephisto Waltz and 5th Rhapsody concertos with orchestral accompaniment.

Lina Ramann

November 30, 2007

Lina Ramann was born in Mainstockheim, near Kitzingen in Bavaria, June 24th 1833, and died March 30th 1912 in Munich. She was a pupil of Franz Brendel and Frau Brendel, at Leipzig. Ramann founded a musical seminary for female teachers, at Gl├╝ckstadt, Holstein in 1858; and with Ida Volkmann, a music-school at Nuremberg in 1865. She published “Die Musik als Gegenstand der Erzichung” (1868); “Allgemeine Erzich-und Unterrichtslehre der Jugend” (1869; 2nd edition 1873); “Aus der Gegenwart” (1868); “Bach und Handel”; “Franz Liszt’s Oratorium Christus: eine Studie zur zeit- und musikgeschichtliche Stellung desselben” (1880); a biography of Liszt, in 3 volumes (1880-1893); and edited a complete edition of Liszt’s writings; she also wrote a “Grundriss der Technik des Klavierspiels,” in 12 books. Ramann composed four sonatinas (op. 9), and other pianoforte music.